The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade and Reparations to Africa

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade is one of the worst crimes against humanity in our history. For four hundred years, twelve million enslaved Africans were transported, bought, sold, and owned by other human beings as their legal property across the Americas and the Caribbean. Since the abolishment of slavery in the British Empire (1833) and the United States (1865), not a single redress or reparation has been made to Africans affected by the dehumanising trade. This panel aims to address three major topics: 1) reparations for the injustice against enslaved Africans and their generations; 2) reparations for Africans traumatized by the effects of slavery; and 3) the process of healing between Africans affected by slavery around the globe.


  • Rhoda E. Howard-Hassmann, Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
  • Mario Nisbett, University of Cape Coast, Jamaica/USA/Ghana
  • Crystena Parker-Shandal, University of Waterloo, Canada
  • Carl Patrick Burrowes, Historian and Thought-Leader, Liberia/USA
  • Ngenarr-Yassin Jeng (moderator), International Law, Human Rights & Development Expert

 This session is organized by ASIL's Africa Interest Group.